Human Mortality Database

The Human Mortality Database (HMD) contains original calculations of death rates and life tables for national populations (countries or areas); as well as the input data used in constructing those tables. The input data consist of death counts from vital statistics; plus census counts; birth counts; and population estimates from various sources. Life tables are calculated using adjusted harmonised population exposures.

The database is limited by design to populations where death registration and census data are virtually complete; since this type of information is required for the uniform method used to reconstruct historical data series. As a result; the countries and areas included here are relatively wealthy and for the most part highly industrialized.

The main goal of the Human Mortality Database is to document the longevity revolution of the modern era and to facilitate research into its causes and consequences. As much as possible; we have followed four guiding principles in creating this database: comparability; flexibility; accessibility; reproducibility. At present the database contains detailed population and mortality data for 38 countries.


Human Mortality Database. University of California; Berkeley (USA); and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (Germany). Available at or (data downloaded on [date]).


  • 1demo


    Fertility, mortality and migration have strong, long-lasting impacts on every society. Demography is also entrenched with many characteristics affecting societal and individual...

    View Demography

Additional Info

Dataset ID HMD
Data Frequency annual
Temporal Coverage Start cca 1950 (min 1751)
Temporal Coverage End 2015
Status Active
Spatial Coverage Developed countries
Mode Database
Data Type statistical
Accessed On 2017-04-24
Category research data
Publication Frequency occassional

Please be aware that the information and links provided in the metadata above are maintained in distributed and heterogeneous information systems. Although we strive to maintain and keep links and information updated, this may not always be possible because of changes that are not registered and updated in the relevant information systems. Please, help us to maintain the system updated by indicating broken links or any other outdated information by contacting the relevant contact point. You can also inform us using the "Contact" link of this page.