JRC mobility functional areas estimates

The dataset contains information about how subnational geographical areas cluster with in terms of human mobility measured through Mobile Network Operator (MNO) data, irrespective of the administrative borders.

A Mobility Functional Area (MFA) is a dense cluster of highly interconnected regions.

For each geographical area, the data consists of an id, the id of the MFA to which the area belongs, the type of MFA, the country and the NUTS3 reference, and the id of the MNO operator (there might be multiple operators per country). The definition of the geographical area change from country to country and varies from census level (ACE), LAU, or other aggregation defined by the corresponing MNO.

The shape files are available separately.

Read more about the European Commission Data4Covid Initiative at EU Science Hub and at GSMA Europe.

For the methodological details refer to the publication below.

How to cite: Iacus, S., Santamaria Serna, C., Sermi, F., Spyratos, S., Tarchi, D. and Vespe, M., Mapping Mobility Functional Areas (MFA) using Mobile Positioning Data to Inform COVID-19 Policies, EUR 30291 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2020, ISBN 978-92-76-20429-9 (online), doi:10.2760/076318 (online), JRC121299.


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Additional Info

Dataset ID jrc-mfa
Data Frequency annual
Temporal Coverage Start 2020
Temporal Coverage End 2021
Spatial Coverage Austria ; Belgium ; Bulgaria ; Czechia ; Germany ; Denmark ; Estonia ; Greece ; Spain ; Finland ; France ; Croatia ; Italy ; Norway ; Portugal ; Sweden ; Slovenia
Mode Database
Data Type Maps
Category research data

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